Storm Forecast

Storm Forecast
Valid: Sat 22 Jul 2017 06:00 to Sun 23 Jul 2017 06:00 UTC
Issued: Sat 22 Jul 2017 01:18
Forecaster: TASZAREK

A level 2 was issued for E France, Switzerland and parts of W and S Germany mainly for the excessive precipitation, large hail and severe wind gusts.

A level 1 was issued for E Benelux, Germany, Czech Republic, SW Poland, W Austria, N Italy, E and S France and NE Spain mainly for excessive precipitation, large hail and severe wind gusts.

A level 1 was issued for N Ukraine and parts of W Russia mainly for excessive precipitation, large hail and severe wind gusts.


A large cutting-off low is located over British Isles and slowly moves eastwards. On its southern flank, it is encircled by jet stream with difluent flow in a warm sector over France, Benelux, W Alps and Germany. Ridge inhibiting convective activity covers Scandinavia and Poland. Broad low with a stationary frontal boundary is located over NW Russia. Moist and unstable airmass remains in the broad zone with weak horizontal pressure gradient extending from E Spain, through N Italy, CNTRL and SE Europe, up to Ukraine and parts of W Russia. Given the support of strong diurnal heating, the main thunderstorm activity on Saturday is expected within aforementioned area. Heavily capped airmass preventing from CI is located over W and CNTRL Mediterranean.

DISCUSSION of W and CNTRL Europe...

Eastern flank of incoming trough from British Isles consists of 10-11 g/kg mixing ratios and moderate lapse rates (~ 6.75 K/km), which produces a broad area of instability over E / S France, and a large part of CNTRL Europe. Strong diurnal heating and increasing rate of evapotranspiration should overcome rather weak CIN and provide CI in the afternoon hours, mostly considering area of Alps, France and Germany. CNTRL and NE Germany should also experience storm activity in the morning hours as a result of fading MCS from Friday. This system may be capable of producing heavy precipitation and in lesser extent severe wind gusts. Storms developing over France, Switzerland and parts of S Germany are expected to have better severe weather potential, mainly due to the influence of a jet stream which may support well organized storms such as supercells or linear multicell clusters. Current mesoscale NWP scenarios are not consistent, but it is likely that first cells will develop over W Germany and E France and move north-eastward. Further development is expected over Switzerland and S Germany. Thanks to better wind profile and stronger QG-lift, storms over France and Switzerland have higher probability to develop into supercells capable of producing large hail (lapse rate > 7 K/km), severe wind and heavy rain (PW > 30mm). In the late afternoon hours, these storm may form an MCS which during nighttime hours will move to Czech Republic and E Germany. Another storm system in the form of the line is expected to develop in the late afternoon hours over NE France / SE Benelux and W Germany. Although instability over this time will be rather small, the support of a large-scale lift and enhanced flow at 700 hPa with 15 m/s MLS may help to maintain convective activity until night. A bowing segments with a potential of producing severe wind gusts are not ruled out within this system. Storms should fade over N-CNTRL Germany, while the main activity during nighttime should shift to N Benelux and North Sea.

...N Ukraine / W Russia...

Strong moisture convergence is expected along quasi-stationary frontal boundary on the S flank of trough located over NW Russia. Within the support of strong diurnal heating, ML CAPE on a warm side is enhanced to 2000-2500 J/kg while DLS is below 15 m/s. Storms should develop on both warm and cool side of the frontal boundary thanks to the outflow boundaries of weakening MCS from the day before. Given decent values of PW exceeding 40mm in the warm side, one of the main threat within these slowly moving storms is associated with heavy precipitation and a possible local flash flooding events. Large hail and downburst-type severe wind gusts are also not ruled out, as they are typical for environments with such amount of instability. Storms on the cool side of the boundary will have the main potential associated with severe wind gusts, as airflow and shear values will be higher (along with lower instability). Lightning activity should remain during nighttime hours, and storms should shift eastwards.

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